Scotland's 7 most enchanting historic sites to visit while on holiday.

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Scotland's 7 most enchanting historic sites to visit while on holiday.

Scotland is a country with a rich and diverse history, from the ancient civilizations that once inhabited its lands to the powerful clans and kingdoms that shaped its identity. For those interested in exploring Scotland's past, there are numerous fascinating sites to visit.

1. Edinburgh Castle: This iconic fortress sits atop an extinct volcano in the heart of Scotland's capital city and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Edinburgh Castle has served as a royal residence, military stronghold, and prison throughout its long history. Visitors can tour the castle's many rooms, including the Royal Palace, the Great Hall, and the Scottish National War Memorial. 

Edinburgh from Calton's Hill
Photo by Pixabay: 

2. Stirling Castle: This medieval castle has a rich history, including being the birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots. Stirling Castle was also a key site in the Wars of Scottish Independence and has since been restored to its former glory. Visitors can tour the castle's many rooms, including the King's Old Building, the Chapel Royal, and the Great Hall. There is also a museum dedicated to the castle's history, where visitors can learn about its role in Scottish history.

Stirling Castle

Photo by neostalgic on Unsplash

3. Culloden Battlefield: The site of the final and decisive battle in the Jacobite Rising of 1745, Culloden Battlefield is a poignant reminder of Scotland's turbulent past. Visitors can walk the battlefield, learn about the events leading up to the battle and the battle itself, and visit the Culloden Visitor Centre. The visitor centre features interactive exhibits, films, and a reconstruction of a Jacobite camp, providing a comprehensive understanding of the events that took place at Culloden.

Culloden Moor

Image by Diana Poell from Pixabay

4. Glencoe: This breathtakingly beautiful valley was the site of a massacre in 1692, when 38 members of the MacDonald clan were killed by the Campbells. Today, Glencoe is a popular tourist destination and offers a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of modern life. Visitors can hike the many trails that crisscross the valley, taking in the stunning scenery and learning about the events that took place there.


Photo by Johannes Mändle on Unsplash

5. Iona: This small island off the coast of Scotland is home to the ancient Iona Abbey, which was once a major center of Christianity in Scotland. Visitors can tour the abbey and its graveyard, which is the final resting place of many Scottish kings and chiefs. Iona was also the birthplace of Scottish Christianity, and its abbey is one of the most important religious sites in Scotland. Visitors can also explore the island's rich history, including the Iron Age fortifications and the many standing stones that dot the landscape.

Iona Abbey

Photo by William Gibson on Unsplash

6. Skara Brae: This prehistoric village on the Orkney Islands is one of the best-preserved Neolithic settlements in Europe. Skara Brae was occupied from 3100 BCE to 2500 BCE and offers a glimpse into the daily life of our ancestors. Visitors can tour the well-preserved houses, complete with furniture and fixtures, and learn about the daily life of the people who lived there. Read more about it here.

Skara Brae - Orkney

Photo by Ryan Denny on Unsplash

7. Hadrian's Wall: This impressive defensive wall was built by the Roman Empire in the 2nd century CE to protect their northernmost province from the barbarians beyond. Today, Hadrian's Wall is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers visitors the chance to explore one of the most important historical landmarks in the UK. Visitors can hike the wall, taking in the stunning scenery and learning about the history of the Roman Empire and its influence on Scotland.

Hadrian's Wall

    Photo by Toa Heftiba on Unsplash

    In conclusion, Scotland is a treasure trove of history and culture, with something for everyone to explore and discover. Whether you're interested in castles, battlefields, ancient settlements, or anything in between, Scotland has it all. The best times to visit are in the summer months, between June and August, however there can be some great weather on the fringes too such as April, May and September.

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